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Italian OCGs.

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The CSD ( founded in late 1989 ) has pioneered in several areas traditionally perceived as the inviolable public property, such as anti-corruption institutional reform, and national security.

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Study on paving the way for future policy initiatives in the field of fight against organised crime: the effectiveness of specific criminal law measures targeting organised crime. 02/2015






Italian organized crime, named with the most common and used term Italian Mafias, is composed of four historical Organised Crime Groups situated in the South of Italy: Sicilian Cosa Nostra, Calabrian Ndrangheta, Neapolitan Camorra and Apulian organised crime.

Traditionally, Cosa Nostra and the Ndrangheta represent the two largest and most steady criminal organizations, composed of about a hundred of Mafia groups.

In particular, Cosa Nostra set in the Sicily region, tend to have a pyramidal organization where relationships of vertical integration and a relatively unitary structure predominate.

On the opposite, Ndrangheta, which is originally from the Calabria region, has always presented a horizontal organizational structure (i.e. individual groups detain more independence) with a centralized coordination.

More fragmented in structure are Camorra clans presenting the typical features of gangsterism. Indeed, Camorra, widespread within the region of Campania, is a horizontal cluster of families and clans associated in alliances or in cartels when shared interests in criminal activities are present, and being characterized by a high degree of volatility in regard to their internal and external relationships.

Differently from Cosa Nostra and Ndrangheta, and despite their extensive infiltration of the legitimate economy and the public administration, contemporary Camorra groups have not succeeded in establishing stable coordination mechanisms. As a result Campania faced the highest rate of murders and violent crime in all of Italy for more than a decade.

Similarly, Apulian organized crime has a heterogeneous structure, pursuing different strategies at local level in regard to the places of settlement. The Sacra Corona Unita, in particular, is a consortium made of 10 to 15 criminal groups, with rituals resembling those of Ndrangheta, but without the same cohesion and stability.